Category Archives: Historical Survey

The Railroad

The railroad was one of the accomplishments of the Alfaro Presidency. The extreme difficulty of this project was due primarily to the unique geography but also to the climate. Before completion of the railroad in the early 20’th century, of … Continue reading

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Excerpts from Enrique Ayala Mora’s “History of the Liberal Revolution”

This is a translation of excerpts from: Enrique Ayala Mora’s “History of the Ecuadorian Liberal Revolution”. The Succession after Plaza (“The Fronde”) (p. 140-150) In 1904 the race for the next presidential election began. General Franco again promoted his candidacy. … Continue reading

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The Histories of Enrique Ayala Mora

Enrique Ayala Mora is Ecuador’s preeminent historian. Translations of excerpts from two of his histories relevant to the period under consideration are presented on this site. The “Manual de Historia del Ecuador (Vol II)“ (“Manual of the History of Ecuador”) … Continue reading

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Excerpts from Enrique Ayala Mora (the “Manual”)

This is a translation of brief excerpts from Enrique Ayala Mora’s “Manual de Historia del Ecuador” (“Manual of the History of Ecuador”) -pages 43,44,50 & 63-68.This manual is a very condensed version of the History of Ecuador. Other books by … Continue reading

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The concept of Patronage

The concept of “Patronage” is related to the great “Investiture Conflict” of European History. Both of these terms refer to the question of who should have the authority to nominate an individual to a Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical office (ie: a … Continue reading

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El Perico: Historical References

“El Perico” in the accounts of three Ecuadorian Historians This page includes translations of passages from the works of leading Ecuadorian Historians on Dr. Martinez’ publication “El Perico”.  Note that each issue of  the “El Perico” weekly was called a … Continue reading

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Map of Ecuador

There are two maps on this page. Note the Andes Mountain range that runs from North to South through the country. This map is from the CIA; it shows the provinces of Ecuador well. More maps are available at the … Continue reading

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Ecuadorian History: further details

An excellent overview of the early 19th century background, excerpted from “Indigenous Peoples and State Formation in Modern Ecuador” by Clark and Becker: Ecuador is composed of four zones: the tropical Pacific coastal lowlands, the temperate Sierra highlands, the eastern … Continue reading

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Alfaro in Ecuador Today

The memory of Eloy Alfaro is kept alive in Ecuador today Centenary Commemorations On the occasion of the Centenary of the events of January 28th, 1912, appropriate ceremonies commemorated the great contributions of Eloy Alfaro, presided over by his great … Continue reading

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Brief History of Ecuador

Ecuador was made a Colony of Spain after the Spanish conquest in the mid 1500’s. Unlike the experience in Colonial North America, Colonial South America was not a haven for those seeking religious freedom; there was a Spanish Inquisition in … Continue reading

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